The primary goal of the CGS is supplying governmental organizations, and federal ministries, and departments (Roshydromet, Department of Defense,
Emergency Control Ministry etc.) with all available data, required for solution of federal-level tasks (hydrometeorological service, natural and antropogenic disaster
monitoring, environment monitoring etc.) from Russian and foreign operative satellite networks. Main functions of CGS are: satellite on-board systems control, satellite
data acquisition, processing, archiving and dissemination.
The major components of the Roshydromet ground segment are three Main Regional satellite data receiving and processing
Centers at different locations: European - (Moscow, SRC Planeta with receiving stations in Obninsk and Dolgoprudny ), Western-Siberian
(Novosibirsk) and Far-Eastern (Khabarovsk). The ground segment also includes the network of APT, HRPT and WEFAX receiving stations.
Roshydromet's main satellite Center - SRC Planeta (Moscow) performs a scientific and methodological management and coordinates the
activities of the above-mentioned acquisition Centers and stations. These Centers cover the whole territory of Russia, neighboring
countries, as well as major part of Europe.
Current SRC Planeta receiving facilities provide data acquisition from geostationary (METEOSAT-7, METEOSAT-9,
as well as GOES-E, GOES-W, MTSAT-1R (via METEOSAT-7 and EUMETCAST system) and polar-orbiting
("Meteor-M" N1, "Meteor-M" N2, NOAA series, EOS/Terra/Aqua) and other satellites. The EUMETCAST receiving station has been successfully
implemented at SRC Planeta in 2005 with support of EUMETSAT. On the base of raw data analysis and processing
SRC Planeta generates every day more than 80 types of products (namely: maps of cloud cover, SST, vegetation,
ice and snow coverage, atmospheric temperature/humidity sounding, as well as products related to floods and
forest fires monitoring, detection of water and snow cover pollution, etc.).
Satellite derived products are regularly disseminated via Internet for more than 530 users.
Along with this some above-mentioned informational products are available via special dedicated
WEB-sites designed and supported by SRC Planeta:
Current activities within Roshydromet and SRC Planeta are concentrated on
providing all operational functions and services (satellite data acquisition, processing,
generation and dissemination of products) as well as on the preparation for the forthcoming Russian
satellite data handling. The development of Meteor-M and Electro-L ground segments is being continued
(receiving stations, hardware, software and communication links).
SRC "Planeta" is a key organization of the CGS, that carries out all its main
functions - control, acquisition, processing, archiving, and dissemination of data, provided
by Russian and foreign satellite systems, namely:
- processing and archiving of data, received earlier from russian satellite systems
("Meteor", “Okean-01”, “Okean-O”, “Resurs-01”, “Elektro”, “Mir” Orbital
Station) and a number of foreign satellites
(NOAA, METEOSAT and SPOT series, TERRA, AQUA etc.);
- assembling, processing and archiving of data from "Meteor-Ě" N1, "Meteor-Ě" N2, "Kanopus-V", "Resurs-P", NOAA, METEOSAT, GOES and other satellites, that is received by regional centers (European, Siberian and Far-Eastern);
- scientific and technical guidance of APT, HRPT and WEFAX receiving stations;
- supplying clients (Roshydromet, Department of Defense, Emergency Control Ministry etc.) with satellite data;
Operative divisions of SRC "Planeta" are executing preliminary processing and archiving
(in the framework of Satellite Data State Fund reinforcement) of all data received from meteorological, oceanographical
and environmental satellites (daily amount of information is over 1 Terabyte).