"Meteor-M" 1 satellite



"Meteor-M" polar-orbiting satellites are designed to be used to support Russian hydrometeorological and environment monitoring service and other organizations with operative satellite data, for the solution of following tasks:
  • weather analysis and forecasting on regional and global scale
  • sea water conditions analysis and forecasting (including ice cover monitoring)
  • atmosphere conditions analysis and forecasting for aviation purposes
  • analysis and forecasting of helio-geophysical conditions in near-Earth space environment, ionosphere and geomagnetic field conditions
  • global climate monitoring
  • emergency situations monitoring
  • ecological monitoring of the environment etc.

The satellite is also capable of acquiring information from ground data collection platforms using international frequency band (401,9 - 402,0 MHz) at 400 bit/s rate.

"Meteor-M" 1 general characteristics:

Launch date and time September 17, 2009
19:55 (Moscow time)
Spacecraft mass ~2.7 tons
Scientific payload mass ~1.2 tons
Expected lifetime 5 years
Data transmission modes Direct broadcast mode, playback mode and mode for direct transmission of local data in LRPT format.
Orbit parameters:
Orbit type Sun-synchronous
Orbital altitude 830 km
Orbit period 101,45 minutes
Inclination 98,77°
Equator crossing time (descending node) 9:30

"Meteor-M" 1 equipment characteristics:

Equipment Purpose Spectral range Swath width (km) Spatial resolution
multi-channel scanner for meteorological purposes
Global and regional cloudiness charts, SST, LST 6 channels:
0,5-0,7 μ
0,7-1,1 μ
1,6-1,8 μ
3,5-4,1 μ
10,5-11,5 μ
11,5-12,5 μ

≥2800 1 km

multi-channel Earth surface observation complex

Earth surface monitoring
6 channels:
0,370-0,450 μ
0,450-0,510 μ
0,535-0,575 μ
0,580-0,690 μ
0,630-0,680 μ
0,760-0,900 μ

450, 900 50m/100m

atmosphere temperature and humidity sounding module

Humidity and temperature profiles of the atmosphere, sea surface wind parameters
18.7-183.3 GHz
(26 channels)
≥2000 12 75km
(depending on spectral channel)
synthesized aperture radar

Ice cover monitoring

operational wavelength:
3,12 cm
≥600 500m/1000m

Near-Earth space environment monitoring

Helio-geophysical complex is designed for analysis of the following parameters:
  • electron flux density with 0.03 - 15.0 megaelectron-volt energy;
  • proton flux density with 0.5 - 30.0 megaelectron-volt energy;
  • ions concentration in the upper atmosphere
    in range 1-20 atomic mass units

"Meteor-M" 1 on-board data processing system

"Meteor-M" data processing system is designed for acquiring and storing information from on-board equipment and for transmission of data to ground receiving stations, using 3 frequency bands:

  • 137.025 - 137.925 MHz downlink in direct broadcast mode at 80 kBit/sec rate in international LRPT format;

  • 1.698.5 - 1706.5 GHz downlink at 665.4 kBit/sec rate, including DCP data incapsulated in bit stream
    (See detailed description of the signal structure);

  • 2 autonomous downlink streams in 8048 - 8381.5 MHz band providing data transmission at 122.88 Mbit/s rate each;